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Fix handling of rules with multielement head

The code responsible for completing formulas made the assumption that
all head variables could be safely removed from the list of free
variables of each formula. This is only correct given the current
limitation that only rules with singleton heads are supported.

Because of this assumption, code with multiple elements in the head were
completed to an incorrect result instead of issuing an error that such
rules aren’t supported yet.

This commit improves the code by excluding only variables that are
actually replaced from the list of free variables and not all head
variables. Still, other places will need to be adjusted for full support
of rules with multiple elements in the head. For this reason, this also
adds an error message indicating that only rules with singleton heads
are supported as of now.

Finally, multiple test cases are added to check that the supported
features related to the issues outlined above are translated without
exceptions, while errors are returned when attempting to use unsupported
features.
master
Patrick Lühne 4 years ago
parent
commit
e85807accb
Signed by: patrick GPG Key ID: 05F3611E97A70ABF
  1. 38
      src/anthem/Completion.cpp
  2. 73
      tests/TestUnsupported.cpp

38
src/anthem/Completion.cpp

@ -40,8 +40,36 @@ ast::Formula buildCompletedFormulaDisjunction(const ast::Predicate &predicate, c
assert(otherPredicate.arguments.size() == parameters.size());
auto &freeVariables = scopedFormula.freeVariables;
// Each formula with the predicate as its consequent currently has its own copy of the predicate’s parameters
// These need to be linked to the new, unique set of parameters
// First, remove the free variables whose occurrences will be relinked, which is why they are no longer needed
const auto isFreeVariableUnneeded =
[&](const auto &freeVariable)
{
const auto matchesVariableToBeReplaced = std::find_if(otherPredicate.arguments.cbegin(), otherPredicate.arguments.cend(),
[&](const ast::Term &argument)
{
assert(argument.is<ast::Variable>());
const auto &otherVariable = argument.get<ast::Variable>();
return (freeVariable.get() == otherVariable.declaration);
});
return (matchesVariableToBeReplaced != otherPredicate.arguments.cend());
};
freeVariables.erase(std::remove_if(freeVariables.begin(), freeVariables.end(), isFreeVariableUnneeded), freeVariables.end());
// Currently, only rules with singleton heads are supported
// Rules with multiple elements in the head are not yet handled correctly by the head variable detection mechanism
for (const auto &freeVariable : freeVariables)
if (freeVariable->type == ast::VariableDeclaration::Type::Head)
throw CompletionException("cannot perform completion, only singleton rule heads supported currently");
// Second, link all occurrences of the deleted free variable to the new, unique parameter
for (size_t i = 0; i < parameters.size(); i++)
{
assert(otherPredicate.arguments[i].is<ast::Variable>());
@ -50,16 +78,6 @@ ast::Formula buildCompletedFormulaDisjunction(const ast::Predicate &predicate, c
scopedFormula.formula.accept(ast::ReplaceVariableInFormulaVisitor(), scopedFormula.formula, otherVariable.declaration, parameters[i].get());
}
// Remove all the head variables, because they are not free variables after completion
const auto isHeadVariable =
[](const auto &variableDeclaration)
{
return variableDeclaration->type == ast::VariableDeclaration::Type::Head;
};
auto &freeVariables = scopedFormula.freeVariables;
freeVariables.erase(std::remove_if(freeVariables.begin(), freeVariables.end(), isHeadVariable), freeVariables.end());
if (freeVariables.empty())
disjunction.get<ast::Or>().arguments.emplace_back(std::move(implies.antecedent));
else

73
tests/TestUnsupported.cpp

@ -0,0 +1,73 @@
#include <catch.hpp>
#include <sstream>
#include <anthem/AST.h>
#include <anthem/Context.h>
#include <anthem/Translation.h>
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
TEST_CASE("[unsupported] Errors are correctly issued when using unsupported features", "[unsupported]")
{
std::stringstream input;
std::stringstream output;
std::stringstream errors;
anthem::output::Logger logger(output, errors);
anthem::Context context(std::move(logger));
SECTION("rules with disjunctive head are unsupported")
{
context.performCompletion = true;
input << "a; b.";
CHECK_THROWS(anthem::translate("input", input, context));
}
SECTION("rules with disjunctive head containing elements with arguments are unsupported")
{
context.performCompletion = true;
input << "p(a); p(b).";
CHECK_THROWS(anthem::translate("input", input, context));
}
SECTION("singleton choice rules are supported")
{
context.performCompletion = true;
input << "{a}.";
CHECK_NOTHROW(anthem::translate("input", input, context));
}
SECTION("singleton choice rules containing an element with arguments are supported")
{
context.performCompletion = true;
input << "{p(a)}.";
CHECK_NOTHROW(anthem::translate("input", input, context));
}
SECTION("choice rules with multiple simple elements are supported")
{
context.performCompletion = true;
input << "{a; b}.";
CHECK_NOTHROW(anthem::translate("input", input, context));
}
SECTION("choice rules with multiple elements with arguments are unsupported")
{
context.performCompletion = true;
input << "{p(a); p(b)}.";
CHECK_THROWS(anthem::translate("input", input, context));
}
}
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